The city of Cartagena offers the visitor a vast cultural legacy acquired over more than 3,000 years. The city offers different routes of interest. There are archaeological, baroque or Art Nouveau routes, as well as routes for visiting the museums or castles surrounding the city, and routes as genuine as the one showing the art and devotion of our Easter festivities or the tradition of our handicrafts. Gastronomical routes, the wine route, tours showing the best of the rediscovered mediterranean diet and the oenological tradition of the region. And if the visitor wishes to go further, there are visits to the city of Murcia or Lorca, or tours of the Mar Menor, its villages and its beaches.
Cartagena is encircled by mountains and is a principal naval base of Spain. Its fortifications include forts and other military and naval installations. The city contains the remains of old walls, a castle probably constructed in Carthaginian times, and a church that was formerly a 13th-century cathedral. Cartagena is on a site selected, after 228 BC, by the Carthaginian general Hasdrubal. When captured by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus in 209 BC, the city was a flourishing port exporting gold and silver mined in the surrounding region.
Sacked by the Goths in AD425, Cartagena was restored and improved by the Moors during their occupation of Spain. A possession of the kings of Aragón from 1269, it was later included in the kingdom of Spain. It served as a naval base for the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War.